Potter County was created in 1804, carved out from a northwest section
of Lycoming County. It is located midway between the eastern and
western boundaries of Pennsylvania along the New York border. The county's name is a tribute to General James
Potter, who served with distinction during the Revolutionary War but
never set foot in the area.
Potter County's bountiful forests proved to be the region's main
attraction and economic lifeblood during a growth spree that began to
subside during the first decade of the 20th century.
Native Americans had passed through the forested wilderness, but had congregated in larger numbers in neighboring regions.
1808, an east/west road across the northern part of Pennsylvania was
opened, ushering in scattered settlers. They remained few in number due
to the hardship of finding the bare necessities.
Potter County's attraction to the outside world was its dense forests
of magnificent white pine, hemlock and hardwoods. For decades, the
principal occupation of its inhabitants was lumbering and clearing
land. Many of the immigrants came from Maine and Canada.
mills were built along streams with sufficient water supply to turn the
saws. As more families arrived, churches and schools were built and
communities were formed.
built through the forests to haul logs to the large saw mills in local
communities such as Galeton, Cross Fork, Austin, Mina, and Keating
Summit. Gradually, railroads replaced the swollen streams in carrying
the finished lumber to larger markets on the east coast. Labor
was imported, including many European immigrants, and in 1900 the
population of Potter County reached its all time high of 30,621.
Industrial plants were established, using wood or bark as raw materials.
the hillsides became barren, the population spiraled downward. With
much of the barren timberland abandoned, its ownership reverted to the
Commonwealth. Today, almost 300,000 acres, more than 40 percent of
the land in Potter County, is owned by the Commonwealth.
there are scattered manufacturing facilities and small businesses,
farming and lumbering remain components of the county's economic
foundation. Tourism and recreation also generate jobs and income. Much
of the forest that was hacked away from 1890-1910 has returned, and a
third generation is growing in some areas. Succession forests consist
of a higher proportion of marketable hardwoods.
County has been called the roof of the Eastern United States, as
headwaters of the Ohio/Mississippi rivers, Chesapeake Bay and the St.
The county's population
descended rapidly from 1900 through 1930. There were fluctuations over
the next half-century before a steady rise in the 1990s. Between 1990
and 2000, the population rose from 16,717 to 18,080. It rose even more
in 2001-02. However, a recent estimate
released by the U.S. Census Bureau shows a population of 16,720 as of
2008, representing a 7.5-percent decline since 2000.
For more than a quarter-century, Ron and Candy Barker Cooney have adapted their operations to
meet the changing requirements and economic trends of Potter County agriculture.
For more information please look at these sites
- Potter County Historical Society
- The Pa. Lumber Museum
- Pa. Genealogy Web Site